بررسی آزمایشگاهی استفاده از پلی اتیلن کراس لینک بازیافتی به عنوان سنگدانه در آسفالت متخلخل

نوع مقاله : علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه راه و ترابری، دانشکده عمران، دانشگاه صنعتی شاهرود، شاهرود، ایران

2 کارشناس‌ارشد راه و ترابری، دانشکده عمران، دانشگاه صنعتی شاهرود، شاهرود، ایران

3 دانشجوی دکتری، دانشکده عمران، دانشگاه صنعتی شاهرود، شاهرود، ایران

چکیده

پلی ­اتیلن کراس لینک (XLPE) نوعی عایق برای کابل ­های فشار قوی است که به دلیل مقاومت الکتریکی و حرارتی مطلوب، به طور گسترده در پوشش کابل­ های انتقال الکتریسیته استفاده می­ شود. به دلیل نبود تکنولوژی مناسب برای بازیافت XLPE، عمدتاً از روش­ های سوزاندن و دفن ­کردن برای ضایعات این مواد استفاده می ­گردد. در این پژوهش از ضایعات XLPE به عنوان جایگزین مصالح­ سنگی ریزدانه مخلوط ­های آسفالت متخلخل بهره گرفته ­شده است. به این منظور مقادیر 25، 50 و 75 درصد حجمی از مصالح ­سنگی 36/2 تا 75/4 میلیمتر با ذرات XLPE هم ­اندازه جایگزین گردیدند. جهت تخمین درصد قیر بهینه از آزمایش ­های کانتابرو و تعیین درصد فضا­های­ خالی مخلوط استفاده گردید. در گام بعد عملکرد نمونه ­ها از طریق آزمون ­های لاتمن اصلاح شده و کانتابرو بر روی نمونه ­های پیرشده و فرونشست قیر مورد ارزیابی واقع شد. بررسی ­ها نشان داد که ذرات XLPE، به علت قابلیت جذب پایین، می ­توانند توانایی مخلوط­ های آسفالت متخلخل را برای مقاومت در برابر شرایط رطوبتی افزایش دهند. همچنین ارزیابی نتایج آشکار نمود که نمونه­ های حاوی XLPE جایگزین­ شده با 25 درصد حجمی مصالح ­سنگی بین 36/2 تا 75/4 میلیمتر، بهترین عملکرد را نسبت به نمونه­ های شاهد و دیگر نمونه ­های حاوی XLPE دارا هستند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Experimental Investigation of the Use of Recycled Cross-Linked Polyethylene as Aggregate in Porous Asphalt Mixture

نویسندگان [English]

  • Iman Aghayan 1
  • Iman Mohammadian Nameghi 2
  • Alireza Danande 2
  • Reza Behzadian 3
1 Associate Professor of Civil Engineering Department at Shahrood University of Technology, Shahrood, Iran
2 MSc, Department of Civil Engineering, Shahrood University of Technology, Shahrood, Iran
3 Ph.D. Student, Department of Civil Engineering, Shahrood University of Technology, Shahrood, Iran
چکیده [English]

Cross-Linked Polyethylene (XLPE) is a type of insulation for high-voltage cables that is widely used in electrical cable coatings because of its good thermal and electrical resistance properties. Due to lack of appropriate technology for XLPE recycling, incineration and burial methods are mainly used for the waste of these materials. In this study, XLPE wastes were used as a substitute for fine aggregates of porous asphalt mixtures. For this purpose, 25, 50 and 75% volumes of the 2.36 to 4.75 mm aggregates were replaced with the same size XLPE particles. Optimal asphalt percentage was estimated by the mixture’s air voids percentage and Cantabro tests. In the next step, the performance of the samples was evaluated by modified Lottman, Cantabro on aged samples and asphalt drain down tests. The results showed that XLPE particles, due to their low absorption capacity, can enhance the resistance of porous asphalt mixtures to moisture damage. The evaluations also revealed that specimens which 25% aggregates between 2.36 to 4.75 of them replaced with XLPE, had the best performance compared to control and other specimens containing XLPE.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Cantabro Test
  • Moisture susceptibility
  • Porous Asphalt
  • XLPE wastes
- زیاری، حسن و شادمان بجاربنه، مجید (1392) "ارائه مدل پیش بینی عمر خستگی آسفالت متخلخل پلیمری با رویکرد پدیده شناختی تجربی"، فصلنامه مهندسی حمل و نقل، سال چهارم، شماره سوم، ص. ۲3۱-۲2۱.
 
- نشریه شماره 1-384 (1394) "نشریه شماره 1-384: دستورالعمل طرح، اجرا و نگهداری آسفالت متخلخل"، سازمان مدیریت و برنامه ریزی کشور، معاونت فنی و توسعه امور زیربنایی، امور نظام فنی و اجرایی.
 
- AASHTO T19 (2014) "Standard Method of Test for Bulk Density (Unit Weight) and Voids in Aggregate", American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, Washington, DC.
 
- AASHTO T283 (2007) "Standard method of test for resistance of compacted asphalt mixtures to moisture-induced damage", American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, Washington, DC.
 
- AASHTO T305 (2005) "Standard method of test for determination of draindown characteristics in uncompacted asphalt mixtures", American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, Washington, DC.
 
- ASTM D1559 (1989) "Test method for resistance of plastic flow of bituminous mixtures using marshall apparatus", ASTM International.
 
- ASTM D6752 (2011) "Standard test method for bulk specific gravity and density of compacted bituminous mixtures using automatic vacuum sealing method", ASTM International.
 
- Cetin, A. (2013) "Effects of crumb rubber size and concentration on performance of porous asphalt mixtures", International Journal of Polymer Science, Vol.2013, pp.1-10.
 
- Chen, M. J., and Wong, Y. D. (2015) "Porous asphalt mixture with a combination of solid waste aggregates", Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, Vol.27, No.6, pp.04014194-1-04014194-9.
 
- Cheng, Y., Chai, C., Liang, C., and Chen, Y. (2019) "Mechanical Performance of        Warm-Mixed Porous Asphalt Mixture with Steel Slag and Crumb-Rubber–SBS Modified Bitumen for Seasonal Frozen Regions", Materials, Vol.12, No.6, pp.1-15.
 
- Christéen, J. (2007) "Swedish cable waste for recovery in China or Sweden" (Doctoral dissertation, Master thesis report, LiTH, Linköping).
 
- Colwill, D. M., Bowskill, G. J., Nicholls, J. C., and Daines, M. E. (1992) "Porous asphalt trials in the United Kingdom", Transportation Research Record, Vol.1427, pp.13-21.
 
- Costa, L., Peralta, J., Oliveira, J. R., and Silva, H. M. (2017) "A new life for cross-linked plastic waste as aggregates and binder modifier for asphalt mixtures", Applied Sciences, Vol.7, No.6, pp.1-16.
 
- Eisenberg, B., Lindow, K. C., and Smith, D. R. (Eds.). (2015) "Permeable pavements", American Society of Civil Engineers.
 
- Hainin, M. R., Rusbintardjo, G., Hameed, M. A. S., Hassan, N. A., and Yusoff, N. I. M. (2014) "Utilisation of steel slag as an aggregate replacement in porous asphalt mixtures", Jurnal Teknologi, Vol.69, No.1, pp.67-73.
 
- Hassan, N. A., Khan, R., Raaberg, J., and Presti, D. L. (2015) "Effect of mixing time on reclaimed asphalt mixtures: An investigation by means of imaging techniques", Construction and Building Materials, Vol.99, pp.54-61.
 
- Ibrahim, M. R., Katman, H. Y., Karim, M. R., Koting, S., and Mashaan, N. S. (2014) "The effect of crumb rubber particle size to the optimum binder content for open graded friction course", The Scientific World Journal, Vol.2014, pp.1-8.
 
- Isenring, T., Koster, H., and Scazziga, I. (1990) "Experiences with porous asphalt in Switzerland", Transportation Research Record, No.1265, pp.41-53.
 
- Kamada, O., and Yamada, M. (2002) "Utilization of waste plastics in asphalt mixtures", Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Osaka City University, Vol.43, pp.111-118.
 
- Kandhal, P. S. (2002) "Design, construction, and maintenance of open-graded asphalt friction courses", National Asphalt Pavement Association.
- Liu, H., Zhu, B., Wei, H., Chai, C., and Chen, Y. (2019) "Laboratory Evaluation on the Performance of Porous Asphalt Mixture with Steel Slag for Seasonal Frozen Regions", Sustainability, Vol.11, No.24, pp.1-17.
 
- Lucke, T. (2014) "Using drainage slots in permeable paving blocks to delay the effects of clogging: Proof of concept study", Water, Vol.6, No.9, pp.2660-2670.
 
- Lucke, T., Boogaard, F., and van de Ven, F. (2014) "Evaluation of a new experimental test procedure to more accurately determine the surface infiltration rate of permeable pavement systems", Urban, Planning and Transport Research, Vol.2, No1, pp.22-35.
 
- Lucke, T., White, R., Nichols, P., and Borgwardt, S. (2015) "A simple field test to evaluate the maintenance requirements of permeable interlocking concrete pavements", Water, Vol.7, No.6, pp.2542-2554.
- Mawarni, O. S. T., and Fauziah, M. (2019, November) "The effect of sea water soak on asphalt porous characteristics with and without waste of rubber tire waste as an asphalt addictive", In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol.669, No.1, pp.1-11). IOP Publishing.
 
- Mohammadian Nameghi, I., Aghayan, I., Behzadian, R., and Mosaberpanah, M. A. (2019) "Investigating the Effect of Using Cross-Linked Polyethylene Waste as Fine Aggregate on Mechanical Properties of Hot Mix Asphalt", International Journal of Transportation Engineering, Vol.7, No.3, pp.233-247.
 
- Mullaney, J., and Lucke, T. (2014) "Practical review of pervious pavement designs", CLEAN–Soil, Air, Water, Vol.42, No.2, pp.111-124.
 
- NLT-352/86 (1986) "Caracterización de mezclas bituminosas abiertas por medio del ensayo cántabro de pérdida por desgaste", Normas NLT I.-Ensayos de carreteras. Cedex.
 
- Norhafizah, M., and Hainin, M. R. (2016) "The effect of coconut shell on engineering properties of porous asphalt mixture", Jurnal Teknologi, Vol.78, No.7-2, pp.127-132.
 
- Palla, A., Gnecco, I., Carbone, M., Garofalo, G., Lanza, L. G., and Piro, P. (2015) "Influence of stratigraphy and slope on the drainage capacity of permeable pavements: laboratory results", Urban Water Journal, Vol.12, No.5, pp.394-403.
 
- Park, D. G., Sandoval, N., Lin, W., Kim, H., and Cho, Y. H. (2014) "A case study: Evaluation of water storage capacity in permeable block pavement", KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering, Vol.18, No.2, pp.514-520.
- PlasticsEurope (2018) "An analysis of European plastics production, demand and waste data", Plastics–the facts.
 
- Ruiz, A., Alberola, R., Perez, F., & Sanchez, B. (1990) "Porous asphalt mixtures in Spain", Transportation Research Record, No.1265, pp.87-94.
 
- Sangiorgi, C., Eskandarsefat, S., Tataranni, P., Simone, A., Vignali, V., Lantieri, C., and Dondi, G. (2017) "A complete laboratory assessment of crumb rubber porous asphalt", Construction and Building Materials, Vol.132, pp.500-507.
 
- Sangiorgi, C., Tataranni, P., Simone, A., Vignali, V., Lantieri, C., and Dondi, G. (2016) "Assessment of waste bleaching clay as alternative filler for the production of porous asphalts", Construction and Building Materials, Vol.109, pp.1-7.
 
- Shamsaei, M., Aghayan, I., and Kazemi, K. A. (2017). "Experimental investigation of using cross-linked polyethylene waste as aggregate in roller compacted concrete pavement", Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol.165, pp.290-297.
 
- Shang, L., Wang, S., Zhang, Y., and Zhang, Y. (2011) "Pyrolyzed wax from recycled cross-linked polyethylene as warm mix asphalt (WMA) additive for SBS modified asphalt", Construction and Building Materials, Vol.25, No.2, pp.886-891.
 
- Skaf, M., Ortega-López, V., Aragón, Á., San-José, J. T., and González, J. J. (2017) "Porous asphalt mixtures with 100% Siderurgic aggregates", In Proceedings of the 3rd Pan American Materials Congress (pp. 235-243). Springer, Cham.
 
- Skaf, M., Pasquini, E., Revilla-Cuesta, V., and Ortega-López, V. (2019) "Performance and Durability of Porous Asphalt Mixtures Manufactured Exclusively with Electric Steel Slags", Materials, Vol.12, No.20, pp.1-18.
 
- Smith, R. W., Rice, J. M., and Spelman, S. R. (1974) "Design of open-graded asphalt friction courses (No. FHWA-RD-74-2 Intrm Rpt.)", Federal Highway Administration.
 
- Struik, L. C. and Schöen, L. A. (2000, March) "Recycling and re‐use of polymeric materials; the limited potential of biodegradables", In Macromolecular Symposia (Vol.152, No.1, pp.1-7), Weinheim: WILEY‐VCH Verlag.
 
- Suresha, S. N., Varghese, G., and Shankar, A. U. R. (2010) "Properties of cellulose fibres and waste plastic modified porous friction course mixes", Baltic J. Road Bridge Eng., Vol.5, No.3, pp.156-163.
 
- Tokuda, S., Horikawa, S., Negishi, K., Uesugi, K., and Hirukawa, H. (2003) "Thermoplasticizing technology for the recycling of crosslinked polyethylene", Furukawa Rev, Vol.23, pp.88-93.
 
- Weiss, P. T., Kayhanian, M., Khazanovich, L., and Gulliver, J. S. (2015) "Permeable pavements in cold climates: State of the art and cold climate case studies", Center for Transportation Studies, University of Minnesota.
 
- Yang, J., and Yin, C. (2009) "Laboratory study of porous asphalt mixture made with rubber bitumen", In Asphalt Material Characterization, Accelerated Testing, and Highway Management: Selected Papers from the 2009 GeoHunan International Conference (pp.22-31).
 
- Zhang, C., Wang, H., You, Z., and Yang, X. (2016) "Compaction characteristics of asphalt mixture with different gradation type through Superpave Gyratory Compaction and X-Ray CT Scanning", Construction and Building Materials, Vol.129, pp.243-255.
 
- Zhang, H., Li, H., Zhang, Y., Wang, D., Harvey, J., and Wang, H. (2018) "Performance enhancement of porous asphalt pavement using red mud as alternative filler", Construction and Building Materials, Vol.160, pp.707-713.
 
- Zhang, Y., Verwaal, W., Van de Ven, M. F. C., Molenaar, A. A. A., and Wu, S. P. (2015) "Using high-resolution industrial CT scan to detect the distribution of rejuvenation products in porous asphalt concrete", Construction and Building Materials, Vol.100, pp.1-10.