الگوریتم حل مساله تخصیص کانتینرهای دریایی با توجه به ظرفیت و زمان انتظار

نوع مقاله : علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه مهندسی صنایع، پردیس البرز، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

2 استاد، دانشکده مهندسی صنایع، پردیس دانشکده‌های فنی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

مفهوم تخلیه و بارگیری کانتینرها در بنادر کانتینری به منظور تخلیه و بارگیری، تحت عنوان تخصیص کانتینر مطرح می‏شود. در این تحقیق فرض گردیده ‏است که کانتینرها بین بخش­های مختلف بندر انتقال می‏یابند و باید بین بخش­های موجود بندر جهت انتقال تخصیص یابند. تخصیص به گونه‏ای صورت می‏گیرد که هزینه‏‏ها حداقل گردد. برای داشتن یک مدل‏سازی مناسب و کارآمد رابطه بین بخشهای مختلف نوشته شده‏است. در این مقاله، مسأله تخصیص کانتینرها به کشتی‌ها، محوطه‌ها، گمرک ها، سرزمین اصلی و جرثقیل به صورت مجزا مورد بررسی قرار می گیرد . همچنین مسأله تخصیص کشتی­ها به اسکله ها نیز مورد مطالعه قرار می­گیرد؛ در هر دو قسمت زمان حمل و ظرفیت محوطه ها به صورت محدودیت در مسأله اعمال گردیده است. به علت NP-Hard بودن مسأله به دست آوردن جواب بهینه در زمان معقول امکان­پذبر نیست. پس از مدل­سازی ریاضی، بعلت پیچیدگی مسأله، برای حل از دو الگوریتم ابتکاری استفاده شده است .اولین الگوریتم با روش ازدحام ذرات تخصیص کشتی­ها به اسکله­ها را انجام می­دهد و پس از آن الگوریتم دوم با روش ژنتیک تخصیص کانتینرها به قسمت­های مختلف را انجام می­دهد.در نهایت تجزیه و تحلیل و مقایسه الگوریتم پیشنهادی انجام می­شود. نتایج محاسبات نشان می­دهد که الگوریتم پیشنهادی دارای کارایی بسیار بالایی در عمل و در دنیای واقعی می باشد.

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